This essay describes distinct types of cities as characterized by their
connective geometry. The pressure to accommodate both the automobile and increased population growth
led twentieth-century urbanists to impose anti-fractal geometrical typologies. The distribution of the sizes of urban components and connections can define
fundamentally different types of cities. In his essay, Nikos A. Salingaros discusses the hierarchy of connections necessary to sustain urban life.
Competing networks of connections exist on several scales, each scale being
necessary for separate functions. Understanding these interconnections is
essential if we wish to incorporate the electronic city into the physical city. He criticizes the policy of eliminating small-scale connections in favor of
large-scale connections -- the city needs both, and in the proper balance.